Kyverno Policy Exception Guide📜
If you have a violation of a Kyverno policy, one of the following actions can be taken to remedy the situation. The actions are listed from most-preferred to least preferred.
Fix the resource problem📜
Whenever possible, attempt to fix the problem in the resource that is causing the violation. This eliminates the risk and provides the highest security posture.
If you cannot fix the problem, you must discuss your exception plan with your security team to insure the risk is acceptable for your cluster.
Add a specific exclusion📜
Each policy has an
exclude key that can be used to add exceptions to the policy. Review Kyverno’s exclude documentation for details. It is recommended that your exclusion be as specific as possible.
Kyverno expands pod policies automatically to pod controllers (i.e. Deployments, Daemonsets, StatefulSets, Jobs, CronJobs). Exclusions for pods must account for the names of the pod controllers as well.
Here is an example of how to exclude pods named
bar-* in namespace
foo from a policy:
policies: somePolicy: exclude: any: # Add a justification here for why the exclusion is needed - resources: # Do NOT include `kind` so the exclusion will work on pod controllers too namespaces: - foo names: # Use bar* instead of bar-* to capture pod controllers or pod names - bar*
Risk: Matching resource names in this namespace now have the ability to violate this policy.
Exclude a namespace📜
In some cases, you may need to apply a policy only on specific namespaces. This type of exclusion usually applies to features that you only have enabled but don’t apply to some namespaces (e.g. istio sidecar injection). To exclude by namespace, use the
exclude key and only include the namespace:
policies: somePolicy: exclude: any: # Add a justification here for why the exclusion is needed - resources: namespaces: - foo
Risk: Any resources in the namespace now have the ability to violate this policy.
Only include specific namespaces📜
In some cases, you may want to only apply a policy to a specified list of namespaces. For example, you want to insure Guaranteed Quality of Service on high priority namespaces. To do this, you would use the
match key to add the namespace. The following adds the policy to the
bar namespaces only:
policies: somePolicy: match: any: - resources: namespaces: - foo - bar
There are other options that can be used to
matchresources like kind, labels, etc. See Kyverno’s match documentation for details.
Risk: All resources outside of the specified namespace(s) have the ability to violate the policy.
Add or remove an allowance to the policy📜
Some policies have a list of allowed, disallowed, or required values that can be expanded or reduced to change the scope of the policy. For example, you may want to add an additional registry to the allowed registries policy. You will need to look at the
parameters section for the policy to see what is available. Below is an example of adding an allowance:
policies: somePolicy: parameters: allow: # Enter a comment for justifying the new set of values - safevalue
If you only need an allowance added for a subset of the cluster, it may be better to create a duplicate policy with a different set of allowances and use match/exclude settings to apply it to each namespace.
Risk: All resources, cluster wide, will be able to use the value specified as allowed.
Disable the policy📜
As a last resort, policies can be disabled using the
enabled flag, like the following:
policies: somePolicy: # Enter a comment to justify why the policy is not needed enabled: false